The Histria fortress was the first Greek colony on the west shore of the Black Sea and the oldest city on Romanian territory. Milet colonists have founded it in the middle of the 7th century B.C. The city had a non-interrupted development for 1,300 years starting with the Greek period up to the Roman-Byzantine period.
At the end of the 6th and during the 7th century A.D. the fortress was destroyed by the Avar-Slavic invasions that forced its inhabitants to desert the city. The fortress was first explored in 1914 and archeological diggings have brought to daylight numerous monuments. The main gate and defense towers are to be noted together with thermal edifices, public buildings, civilian basilicas, stores, residential districts and public market places.
Tulcea is the port city for the Danube Delta, built on the ruins of the Roman fortress of Aegisus.
Located on the right bank of the Danube, Tulcea marks the start of the division of the Danube river into three branches to form the Danube Delta, a biosphere area classified as third in the world in ecological importance. Tulcea is the gate of the Delta, the administrative centre of the county, a tourist place, as well. The city has 110,000 inhabitants.
Capul Dolosman are the ruins of a Greek citadel, probably Arganum (Orgame), the oldest ancient habitation on Romanian territory, mentioned for the first time by Hecateus from Millet (6th -5th centuries BC). Nearby Lake Razim is popular for bird watching, especially in November when thousands of Red-Breasted Geese arrive from the Arctic.
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