(Above) ... Mercantile Wagon Train to Fort Garland (Photo source: Museum of Colorado Historical Society)
A. Offices and gift shop Located on `Officer's Row' this building would have been officer's quarters.
B. Sergeants Room … Sergeants occupied small adjoining rooms to the barracks. Now a library which is open by appointment.
C. Soldiers Theater … When the buildings were left to the Colorado Historical Society, this scenery was found painted on the wall. It is unlikely that an entire room was given over as a theatre. This room was most likely used as a barracks as well.
D. Cavalry Barracks Cavalry and Infantry … units slept and ate in separate quarters. They had separate kitchens and latrines. Members of the cavalry were responsible for the care and health of their horses.
E. & F. Guardhouse … the original sally port or main entrance was on the south side of the fort. The guardhouse housed the soldiers during their 24 hour guard shifts. The prison cells had no ventilation other than a small hole in the roof and only the heat that drifted from the guardroom. The prisoners had a blanket, a slop bucket and a daily meal.
G. Civil War and the West Exhibit … Several companies of Colorado Volunteers were mustered into service at Fort Garland. In March, 1862 they joined forces with the New Mexico Volunteers to defeat the Confederate Army at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
H. Buffalo Soldiers Exhibit … After the Civil War, the Fort was home to the Ninth Cavalry, a unit of African Americans, also known as Buffalo Soldiers. From varied backgrounds, some of these soldiers sought advancement or education by enlisting. The unit was stationed here from 1876 to 1879.
I. Infantry Barracks … The fort could accommodate 7 officers and two companies of 50 men each. Enlisted men lived in communal barracks, sergeants occupied small adjoining rooms. The soldiers slept two to a bed, each pair sleeping head to toe.
J. West Officers Quarters & Save the Fort Exhibit Post … housing was assigned according to rank and officers quarters were quite luxurious compared to the enlisted men's barracks. Officers could bring their families to these outposts, women and children brought domesticity to fort life. Bachelor officers were housed in separate buildings.
K. Commandant Quarters … The Post Com-mandant and his family had their own private house. To maintain their Victorian lifestyle they brought their own furnishings, including furniture, curtains and china. Female servants were hard to keep as lonely soldiers snapped them up for their brides. The fort witnessed a succession of comman-dants but the most famous was Kit Carson. After the Civil War, from 1866 to 1867 Christopher "Kit" Carson commanded the New Mexico Volunteers at Fort Garland. He lived in this building with his wife, Josefa and their children.
L. Parade Ground and Flagpole … Permanent outposts were built around a parade ground with the flagpole in the center. This parade ground had wells at the NE and NW corners. Wooden pipelines piped water into 'water boxes' at the corners of the parade ground and into the buildings. Early flagpoles were crafted by shipwrights who were skilled in shaping spars for ship's masts and yard arms. This tradition of a ship's mast style flagpole was continued at Fort Garland.
Display-to-Print the Locations Directory of Fort Garland ... (105 Kb)
Fort Garland (1858-1883), was designed to house two companies of soldiers to protect settlers in the San Luis Valley, then in the Territory of New Mexico. It was named for General John Garland, commander of the Military District of New Mexico.
Colonel Kit Carson and New Mexico Volunteers were stationed here in 1866 and he successfully negotiated a treaty with the Utes in 1867.
The Ninth Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers) was stationed here between 1876 and 1879. In 1876, these troops were called to the La Plata region to prevent conflict between the Utes and white prospectors. The following year, they helped remove white settlers from Ute reservation lands.
In 1879, United States military units from Fort Garland were called upon by Nathan Meeker, the Indian Agent at the White River Agency. Meeker and others were killed, and family members taken captive by unhappy Utes. The captives were released and the Utes were moved once again, which reduced the need for a fort.
Text Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Garland
Read the condensed History of Fort Garland - Part 1 ... (704 Kb)
Read the condensed History of Fort Garland - Part 2 ... (880 Kb)
Dawn Patrol ... it began at Balloon Fiesta in 1978, when two California balloonists developed position lighting systems that allowed them to fly at night. Dawn Patrol pilots take off in the dark and fly until it is light enough to see landing sites. Fellow balloonists appreciate the Dawn Patrol because they can watch the balloons and get an early idea of wind speeds and directions at different altitudes. On mass ascension days, about a dozen Dawn Patrol balloons perform the Dawn Patrol Show, a choreographed inflation and launch set to music that has been part of the Balloon Fiesta since 1996.
Mass Ascension ... a launch of all the participating balloons have been a feature of Balloon Fiesta since its earliest days and is the most spectacular display of sound and color in all of aviation. During mass ascensions, balloons launch in two waves. Launch directors, also known as zebras because of their black-and-white-striped outfits, serve as traffic cops, coordinating the launch so balloons leave the field in a safe and coordinated manner. Weather permitting, balloons begin to launch at about 7:15 AM on mass ascension days, led by a balloon flying the American flag to the strains of The Star Spangled Banner.
Text source: http://www.balloonfiesta.com Official Program Link: http://www.myvirtualpaper.com/doc/Golfweek-Custom-Media/2013-aibf-final_vp/2013090901/#0
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