Dates of visit:
September 29, 2013 -
October 6, 2013

We rate this trip a:

Trip Highlights:
 Scenic byways
 Cripple Creek, CO
 Victor, CO
 Gold Mining
 Wolf Sanctuary
 Stations of the Cross
 Salida, CO
 Alamosa, CO
 Balloon Fiesta

[ Home ] [ Travel Page ]
First page - Cripple Creek, CO
Second page - Victor, CO ** Hwy 67 Scenic Drive ** Colorado Wolf and Wildlife, Divide, C0
Fourth page - Albuquerque, NM International Balloon Festival
*** Colorado ***
*** Salida, CO ***
*** Alamosa, CO ***
*** San Luis - Stations of the Cross, CO ***
        Travel Route
        Location of Salida
        Map of Salida - 1882
        Town of Salida
        Site Gallery - Town of Salida
        Location of Alamosa
        Town of Alamosa
        Location of San Luis
        Village of San Luis
        Site Gallery - Village of San Luis
        Heroes of Sacrifice: Martyr Priests of the Mexican Revolution
        Site Gallery - Heroes of Sacrifice: Martyr Priests of the Mexican Revolution
Salida, CO
Salida in 1910 (Above) ... Town of Salida, CO in 1910 ... (Photo source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salida,_Colorado)
Town of SalidaFounded in 1880, Salida was originally a railroad town and was a significant link in the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. After World War II the railroad began pulling back its operations in Salida. Many residents in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s worked either in local ranching operations or commuted north to Leadville to work at the Climax Molybdenum Company. Today, the most prominent business in Salida is tourism, consisting of skiing at Monarch ski area, whitewater rafting, kayaking and outfitting, particularly on the Arkansas River. Salida is home to the annual FIBArk kayak race, one of the oldest whitewater races in North America.

Text Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salida,_Colorado
Site Gallery - Town of Salida
Notable Salida Architecture
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Notable Salida Signs
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Metalcraft Art
Salida Salida Salida
Salida Salida Salida

Town of Alamosa
Alamosa Walking Tour Map
AlamosaDowntown Alamosa Historical Walking Tour ... A stroll around Alamosa's downtown reveals its history and small town charm. From red brick to pressed metal ornamentation and glazed colored tile, Alamosa is a study in the architectural trends that have passed through the nation since the 19th century - late Victorian, commercial brick, Mission Revival, and Art Deco styles stand side by side in this tightly constructed area.

AlamosaMain Street runs parallel to the railroad, which lies less than two blocks to the south. The town plat submitted in April 1878 by the president of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, Alexander Cameron Hunt, claimed the San Luis Valley as the next stage of narrow gauge line development to Durango and Santa Fe, with Alamosa as its hub. From 1890 until c. 1940 passenger and freight trains steamed their way between Alamosa and Denver, Durango, Santa Fe, Salida, and Creede. The 1909 depot at downtown's southern entrance and the historic brick and stone buildings that anchor downtown are reminders of the boom the town experienced in the early 20th century as the railroad brought commerce and a blossoming population to Alamosa. See downtown walking map for building locations.

Alamosa2. BPOE Elks Lodge #1297 (1956), 406 Hunt Ave. The Elks Lodge was established in Alamosa in 1912. The 1956 yellow brick building, their second lodge home, was partly funded through revenues from the Elks' slot machines, which were legal at the time. Hot water heat in the concrete floors was innovative and served the lodge for nearly 50 years. Inside a large mural by Jocelyn Lillpop Russell depicts elk in a mountain scene.

Alamosa4. First Public School Building in Alamosa (c. 1882), With later modifications, now Motor Parts, 304 State Ave. (at State & Third), The Old Alamosa Schoolhouse built on the lots was sold to Alpha Ruby, the owner of the Colorado Theater Co., in 1907 and housed a dance hall from 1908 into the early 1920s.

Alamosa5. Carver House (1901), 315 State Ave., The distinctive mansard roof and arched brick framing around the windows refer to the late Victorian style.

Alamosa6. St. Thomas Episcopal Church (1925-30), 607 Fourth St., State Register 2003; National Register 2003; Alamosa Historic Registry 2007, The parish hall was constructed in Mission Revival style by noted Denver architects William E. Fisher and Arthur A. Fisher in 1925. The sanctuary, which incorporates the Gothic windows from the old church, and the complex were completed by an unknown builder in 1930. State Historical Fund restorations in 2004-09.

Alamosa7. Alamosa Post Office Building (1935), Now Blue Peaks Developmental Services, 703 Fourth St., Alamosa Historic Registry 2008; State Register 2008; National Register 2008, Art Deco, Mission and Classical Revival elements blend here combining architectural styles strongly represented in Alamosa. Interior features such as terracotta tile, woodwork, and other lobby details are still intact. Note the Pony Express rider above the door.

Alamosa8. Alamosa County Courthouse (1936-38), 702 Fourth St. (at Fourth and San Juan), State Register 1995; National Register 1995; Alamosa Historic Registry 2009, The U-shaped complex is one of the county's best examples of Mission Revival style and the largest of several WPA projects built in the county during the 1930s. Using local clay and sand, more than 450,000 bricks were produced at a kiln located north of Alamosa.

Alamosa9. Sacred Heart Catholic Church (1922-28), 727 Fourth St., State Register 1996; National Register 1998; Alamosa Historic Registry 2007, Constructed between 1922-28, the church is a graceful interpretation of the Mission Revival style designed by prominent architect Robert Willison. The interior includes outstanding murals painted by local artist Josef Steinhage that have been recognized nationally in Catholic circles. State Historical Fund restoration 2000-2.

Alamosa10. Rialto Theatre (1925-26), Built as the American Legion Building/Legion Theatre, now Bistro Rialto, 716 Main St., Alamosa Historic Registry 2005, Built by the American Legion Dickey-Springer Post No. 113 to serve the community, this commercial block is unusual for its incorporation of retail on the street front, offices, and meeting spaces upstairs, and a large auditorium behind. In 1927, one year after its completion, the Legion Theatre was renovated with ornate wall decoration and loges seats and renamed the Rialto Theatre. The theatre space was lost in a fire in 2003, but new owners restored and reopened the building in 2009. The architecture is a local amalgam of Craftsman, glazed commercial brick, and classical elements.

Alamosa11. Lockhart's Furniture (1938); Treasure Alley (1941), 711 and 713 Main St., The streamlined Art Deco style is present throughout downtown in Alamosa, especially in facades that incorporate glazed tile. The stunning white, green, and pink tile are expressions of this modern style.

Alamosa12. Manders Building / Oddfellows Hall (1891), 703 Main St. (at Main and San Juan), One of the first buildings on Alamosa's Fifth St. (later renamed Main St.), the Oddfellows began meeting here upstairs the year it was completed. Historically the downstairs storefronts housed retail. The building's native stone (rhyolite) was quarried in the San Juans.

Alamosa13. Alamosa Masonic Hall (1887), 610 Main St. and 514 San Juan Ave., State Register 1997; Alamosa Historic Registry 2011, The building's elaborate stamped metal upper story represents a period of construction associated with the arrival of the railroad and the resulting ability to import prefabricated architectural elements. It was the first major building constructed on what would become Alamosa's Main Street. The back of the building including the lodge hall was built in 1922. The architects were Mountjoy and Frewen of Denver. State Historical Fund restoration of second story facade 2000; masonry restoration 2009-10; storefront rehabilitation 2012.

Alamosa14. San Juan Building (1920), Now San Luis Valley Brewing Company, 631 Main St. (at Main and San Juan), Originally the second site of First National Bank of Alamosa, the brewery displays the vault door. The original Art Deco red brick structure has been transformed dramatically over the decades. An early photograph of the exterior can be viewed inside the contemporary brew pub.

Alamosa15. Husung Hardware (1936), 625 Main St., State Register 2000; National Register 2000; Alamosa Historic Registry 2005, Constructed in 1936 with a terracotta facade and stylized ornamentation, the two-storybrick building possesses the distinctive characteristics of Art Deco, one of the prevalent modern styles popular in the 1920s and '30s. This well preserved building is considered one of the best small town expressions of Art Deco in the state.

Alamosa16. Grove Theater (1912), 613-615 Main St., For many years a movie house, the Grove occupies the site of the former Isis Theatre, which was designed by Mountjoy and Frewen and housed the Colorado Power Co. in one of its storefronts. The original theatre included a grand archway and was a striking architectural presence on Main.

Alamosa17. First Baptist Church Building (1907-8), Now Mountain Valley Church, 408 State Ave., State Register 2005; National Register 2005; Alamosa Historic Registry 2005, The oldest standing church in Alamosa, it is the only public building in Alamosa constructed of ornamental concrete block. Its exuberant asymmetrical composition with its variety of forms, textures, and materials epitomizes the Queen Anne style.

Alamosa19. Frank Building (1907), Now Narrow Gauge Newsstand, 602 Main St., This red brick commercial block is embellished with tan brick details and wood cornices. Built by Silas Frank of Creede in Alamosa's boom years, the two-story structure became Nathan & Herrick's men's clothing and shoe store; later Sherman Drug Co. Upstairs rooms were rented out.

Alamosa20. Denver & Rio Grande Railroad Depot (1908-09), Now Colorado Welcome Center, Rio Grande Scenic Railroad, Alamosa County Chamber of Commerce, 610 State Ave., State Register 1993; National Register 1993, The depot operated as an important transfer point for passengers, mail, and freight traveling between Creede, Santa Fe, and Durango. Built in 1908-9 to replace an 1878 depot destroyed by fire, the west section was added in 1930. Passenger and freight use sharply decreased in the 1950s, leading to the station's closure. The depot now houses the Colorado Welcome Center, the Rio Grande Scenic Railroad, Alamosa County Chamber of Commerce, and other economic development offices.

Alamosa21. City of Alamosa Water Tower, 701 Ross Ave., Alamosa Historic Registry 2011, Visible from the railroad tracks and throughout Alamosa, the steel water tower was constructed in 1911 by the City of Alamosa to provide a source of drinking water and fire suppression for its growing population. It still serves the City today.

Alamosa23. American National Bank (1909), Now Freedom Financial, 500 State Ave., State Register 1999; National Register 1999; Alamosa Historic Registry 2006, The building was constructed during a period of rapid growth in the San Luis Valley and reflects the optimism associated with Alamosa's early downtown commercial development. This blond brick building is an excellent example of Arcaded Block, a popular commercial building type during the early decades of the 20th century. The building was a bank until 1951, when it became a flower shop. It returned to bank use in 2003. State Historical Fund restoration 2002-03.

Alamosa24. San Luis Hotel (c. 1915), Now Thai House, 525 Main St., Historic photos and maps document the San Luis Hotel, where Billy Adams (1861-1954), former Colorado Governor and founder of Adams State College, lived the last years of his life.

Alamosa25. Bain's Department Store (1935), Now Rainbow's End and Hunt Ave. Boutique, 510 Main St. and 509 Hunt Ave.; State Register 1995/1998, The building is representative of many built during the Depression, making extensive use of recycled materials.

Alamosa26. Freiberger Building (1908-09), Now Porter Realty, 503 Main St., Alamosa Historic Registry 2007 Built of blond brick like the American National Bank building, this was Alamosa's first hospital. Dr. Edgar Freiberger, the physician and surgeon who planned, erected, and equipped the building, opened the hospital in 1910. He died of illness just one year later, at the age of 38, and the hospital closed in 1912. The building later housed offices, a rooming house, and a paint business.

Text source: Historical Walking Tour brochure, produced by City of Alamosa's Historic Preservation Advisory Committee

Display-to-Print the Walking Historic Alamosa Map ... Victor Points of Interest  This is a PDF document  (123 Kb)
Village of San Luis
The Town of San Luis is a statutory town that is the county seat and the most populous town of Costilla County, Colorado, United States. Formerly known as San Luis de la Culebra, San Luis is the oldest town in Colorado. The population was 739 at the 2000 census.

San LuisHistory ... Hispanic settlers from the Taos Valley established several small villages along the Rio Culebra in the San Luis Valley and officially took possession of this portion of the Sangre de Cristo Land Grant on April 9, 1851. Settlers built a church in the central village of La Plaza Medio and dedicated it on the Feast of Saint Louis, June 21, 1851.[11] The village was renamed San Luis de la Culebra in honor of its patron saint. San Luis remained part of the Territory of New Mexico until 1861 when the Territory of Colorado was established. Today, San Luis is the oldest town in the State of Colorado.

A short forty-five minute drive southeast of Alamosa will lead you to the town of San Luis, home of a cultural and spiritual display of inspiring art. The Stations of the Cross are beautifully depicted in a series of bronze sculptures by internationally known San Luis artist Huberto Maestas. They rest along a comfortable three-quarter mile trail that climbs a short distance up a small mesa named La Mesa de la Piedad y de la Misericordia (the Hill of Piety and Mercy). The walk offers numerous opportunities for meditation and reflection, and ends at the top at the chapel, La Capilla de Todos Los Santos (The Chapel of All Saints). Below lays the village, with its "vega", San Luis' communal pasture, and the People's Ditch, the oldest communal irrigation waterway in Colorado.

Main Street runs parallel to the railroad, which lies less than two blocks to the south. The town plat submitted in April 1878 by the president of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, Alexander Cameron Hunt, claimed the San Luis Valley as the next stage of narrow gauge line development to Durango and Santa Fe, with Alamosa as its hub. From 1890 until c. 1940 passenger and freight trains steamed their way between Alamosa and Denver, Durango, Santa Fe, Salida, and Creede. The 1909 depot at downtown's southern entrance and the historic brick and stone buildings that anchor downtown are reminders of the boom the town experienced in the early 20th century as the railroad brought commerce and a blossoming population to Alamosa. See downtown walking map for building locations.

San Luis' Stations of the Cross

SOCFirst Station: Jesus is condemned to Death ... Pilate's verdict was pronounced under pressure from the priests and the crowd. The sentence of death by crucifixion was meant to calm their fury and meet their clamorous demand: "Crucify him! Crucify him!"

SOCSecond Station: Jesus Takes Up His Cross ... The execution, the implementation of the sentence, is beginning. Christ, condemned to death, must be burdened with the Cross just like the two other men who have received the same punishment: "he was numbered with the transgressors"

SOCThird Station: Jesus Falls For The First Time ... Jesus falls under the weight of the Cross. He falls to the ground. He does not resort to his superhuman powers; he does not resort to the power of the angels. "Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels?"

SOCFourth Station: Jesus Meets His Mother ... The Mother Mary meets her Son along the way of the Cross. His Cross becomes her Cross, his humiliation is her humiliation, and the public scorn is on her shoulders. This is the way things are. So it must seem to the people around her, and this is how her own heart reacts: "And a sword will pierce through your soul also"

SOCFifth Station: Simon of Cyrene Helps Jesus To Carry The Cross ... Simon of Cyrene, called upon to carry the Cross, doubtless had no wish to do so. He was forced to. He walked beside Christ, bearing the same burden. When the condemned man's shoulders became too weak, he lent him his. He was very close to Jesus, closer than Mary, closer than John who - though he too was a man - was not called upon to help. They called on him, Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, as we learn from the Gospel of Mark

SOCSixth Station: Veronica Wipes The Face Of Jesus ... Tradition has bequeathed us Veronica. Perhaps she is a counterpart to the story of the Cyrenian. As a woman, she could not physically carry the Cross or even be called upon to do so, yet in fact she did carry the Cross with Jesus: she carried it in the only way possible to her at the moment and in obedience to the dictates of her heart: she wiped his Face.

SOCSeventh Station: Jesus Falls For The Second Time ... "I am a worm, and no man, scorned by men, and despised by the people". The prophetic words of the Psalmist are wholly fulfilled in these steep, narrow alleys of Jerusalem in the final hours before the Passover. We know that those hours before the feast are unnerving, the streets teeming with people. This is the context in which the words of the Psalmist are being fulfilled, even though nobody gives this a thought. Certainly it passes unnoticed by those who jeer, those for whom this Jesus of Nazareth, as he now falls for the second time, is a laughing-stock. And he wills all this; he wills the fulfillment of the prophecy. And so he falls; exhausted by all the effort. He falls in accordance with the will of the Father, a will expressed in the words of the Prophet. He falls in accordance with his own will: "How then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?"

SOCEighth Station: Jesus Meets The Women Of Jerusalem ... Here is a call to repentance, true repentance, and sorrow at the reality of the evil that has been committed. Jesus says to the daughters of Jerusalem who are weeping at the sight of him: "Do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children". One cannot merely scrape away at the surface of evil; one has to get down to its roots, its causes, and the inner truth of conscience.

SOCNinth Station: Jesus Falls For The Third Time ... "He humbled himself and became obedient unto death, even death on a Cross". Every station along this Way is a milestone of that obedience and self-emptying. We appreciate the scale of that self-emptying when we begin to ponder the words of the Prophet: "The Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all... All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all".

SOCTenth Station: Jesus Is Stripped Of His Garments ... As Jesus is stripped of his clothes at Golgotha, our thoughts turn once more to his Mother. They go back in time to the first days of this body which now, even before the crucifixion, is covered with wounds. The mystery of the Incarnation: the Son of God takes his body from the Virgin's womb.

SOCEleventh Station: Jesus Is Nailed To The Cross ... "They have pierced my hands and feet, I can count all my bones". "I can count...": how prophetic were these words! And yet we know that this body is a ransom. The whole of this body, its hands, its feet, its every bone, is a priceless ransom. The Whole Man is in a state of utmost tension: his bones, his muscles, his nerves, his every organ and every cell, is stretched and strained to breaking-point. "I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself"

SOCTwelfth Station: Jesus Dies On The Cross ... Here we have the greatest, the most sublime work of the Son in union with the Father. Yes: in union, in the most perfect union possible, precisely at the moment when he cries: "Eloi, Eloi lama sabachthani" - "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"

SOCThirteenth Station: Jesus Is Taken Down From The Cross ... When the body of Jesus is taken down from the Cross and laid in his Mother's arms, in our mind's eye we glimpse again the moment when Mary accepted the message brought by the angel Gabriel: "And behold you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus; the Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and of his kingdom there will be no end". Mary had replied simply: "Let it be to me according to your word", as though even then she wanted to give expression to what she now experiences.

SOCFourteenth Station: Jesus is Placed in the Tomb ... From the moment when man, as a result of sin, was driven away from the Tree of Life, the earth became a burial ground. With as many burial places as there are men a great planet of tombs. Close to Calvary there was a tomb belonging to Joseph of Arimathea. In it, with Joseph's consent, the body of Jesus was placed after being taken down from the Cross. They laid it there in haste, so that the burial might be completed before the feast of Passover, which began at sunset.

SOCChrist's Resurrection

San Luis’ Stations of the Cross by Marcia Darnell: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (105 Kb)
Scriptural Stations of the Cross: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (18 Kb)
Stations of the Cross: Pope John Paul II: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (105 Kb)

Site Gallery - Village of San Luis & Holy Hill
Church of Most Precious Blood ( in village )
Church Church Church
Up the Hill of Piety & Mercy
( La Mesa de la Piedad y de la Misericordia )
Stations Trail Stations Trail Stations Trail
Stations Trail Stations Trail Stations Trail
Stations Trail Stations Trail Stations Trail
The Chapel of All Saints
( Capilla de Todos Los Santos )
Chapell Chapell Chapell
Chapell Chapell Chapell
Chapell Chapell Chapell
Heroes of Sacrifice: Martyr Priests of the Mexican Revolution
Martyrs HillThe Cristero War (1926–29) also known as La Cristiada, was an attempted counter-revolution against the anti-clericalism of the ruling Mexican government. Based in western Mexico, the rebellion was set off by the enforcement of the Mexican Constitution of 1917 by Mexican President Plutarco Elías Calles, in order to hinder the influence of the Roman Catholic Church and its sub-organizations.

Martyrs HillThe Mexican Revolution was the largest rebellion in Mexican history. It was based on the peasants' overwhelming demand for land and for social justice. The Catholic Church was cautious not to support the revolution, which at times threatened the property rights of many Mexicans. The Calles' administration felt its revolutionary initiatives, such as those against private property and Catholic schools were being threatened by the Church. As a solution to the Church's influence over the Mexican people, the anti-clerical statutes of the Constitution were instituted, beginning a 10-year persecution of Catholics, resulting in the death of thousands.

Martyrs Hill AltarAfter a period of peaceful resistance by Mexican Catholics, skirmishing took place in 1926; and violent uprisings began in 1927. The rebels called themselves Cristeros, invoking the name of Jesus Christ under the title of "Cristo Rey" or Christ the King. The rebellion is known for the women who assisted the rebels in smuggling guns and ammunition and for certain priests who were tortured and murdered in public and later canonized by Pope John Paul II. The rebellion eventually ended by diplomatic means brokered by the United States Ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Whitney Morrow, with the financial relief and assistance by the Knights of Columbus. *** Complete story line in documents linked below ***

Cristero War: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (525 Kb)
Viva Crista Rey!: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (147 Kb)
Heroes of Sacrifice: Brief biographies of Martyr Priests: Cristero War  This is a PDF document  (40 Kb)
Site Gallery - Heroes of Sacrifice
Sculptures and placards of Martyrs
Martyr Martyr Martyr
Pedro Esqueda Jose Isabel Flores Rodrigo Aguilar
Martyr Martyr Martyr
David Galvan David Uribe Manuel Morales
Martyr Martyr Martyr
Luis Batis Salvador Lara Margarito Flores
Martyr Martyr Martyr
Pedro de Jesus Maldonado Jenaro Sanchez Jose Maria Robles
Martyr Martyr Martyr
Miguel de La Mora Jesus Mendez Miguel Agustin Pro Juarez
Martyr Martyr Martyr
Atilano Cruz (l) Justino Orona (c) Toribo Romo (r)
Martyr Martyr

*** Martyrs ***
Cristobal Magallanes (l) Agustin Caloca (r) R.I.P.
[ Home ] [ Travel Page ]