17. Victor Trading Co. & Manuf. Works, (Star of the West Saloon, 1899)
18. Gold Camp Bakery (Merchants Cafe 1899)
19. Victor Lowell Thomas Museum (1899)
20. G&S Sporting Goods (1899)
21. The Claim Jumper & Post Office, (Former JC Penny's, 1899)
22. Victor Laundromat (1900/2011)
23. Ajor Renee Boutique
24. The Junk Posse (1899)
25. Mother Load Liquors (1899)
Display-to-Print the Locations Directory of Victor ... (140 Kb)
(Above) ... Town of Victor, CO in 1900 ... (Photo source: Denver Public Library Western Collection)
Victor - City of Mines
Even though the early Colorado mining towns of Cripple Creek and Victor boomed in the same gold field during the same years, they were not at all alike. Cripple Creek, at the site of the original strike, was the financial, political, and social center of the great gold camp.
Victor, on the other hand, was where the miners lived. It was a working man's town and lacked the sophistication of its bigger "sister-city."
Founded in 1893, two years after Cripple Creek, Victor was located right at the foot of Battle Mountain, the camp's richest hill, and near Lawrence, the earliest settlement in that corner of the mining district. The founders, Frank and Harry Woods, named their town after Victor Adams, one of the area's early homesteaders.
Early Victor looked exactly like a mining town should. Its false-fronted pine buildings faced dirt streets and boardwalks. Housing there was in great demand. Men paid up to a dollar a night to sleep on a pool table or on the floor in the back of a saloon. At meal time, long lines of hungry men formed in front of the town's eating houses. Water sold for five cents a bucket from horse drawn tank wagons. There were only two or three bath tubs in town.
By 1896, however, Victor with a population nearing 8,000 was well on its way to becoming one of Colorado's leading cities. The fast growth was due largely to the efforts of the Woods brothers and the nearness of the city to the great gold mines of Battle Mountain.
The arrival of the Florence and Cripple Creek Railroad in 1894 and the Midland Terminal Railroad the following year also helped Victor to develop. For then, in addition to being the District's mining center, Victor also became its rail center. The coming of a third railroad, The Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek District, some years later added to the importance of Victor- as a shipping center.
Great mills to refine the gold ore were also built in the Victor area. They gave employment to many hundreds and made Victor an important milling center, too. From the earliest days, Victor was called the "City of Mines" and as a mining town, it had few rivals. Even Cripple Creek was jealous of the tremendous output of Victor's gold mines.
*** Continued in full articles below ***
Read the condensed History of Victor - Part 1 ... (1.5 Mb)
Read the condensed History of Victor - Part 2 ... (1.0 Mb)
Colorado in autumn is "golden" ... the aspen's are in their finest glory and mountain sides are aglow as if on fire. Travel this short 17-mile stretch of Highway 67 and take in what few people experience ... a colorful Colorado.
Video recorded: October 2013 HINT: If video starts/stops often, PAUSE the playback for 15-30 seconds to allow the video buffer memory to fill. To resume playback press PLAY.
Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center ... one of very few sanctuaries in the United States which has been certified by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). With this title we are able to go beyond education and into application. CWWC actively participates in the Species Survival Program by providing a home to Mexican Grey Wolves and Swift Foxes. They also practice conservation in the sanctuary's daily life by using environmentally friendly ink, biodegradable trash bags, participating in recycling programs, and "adopting" Twin Rocks Road to keep it trash free.
It is the Mission of the Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center to:
Educate the public through tours and programs about the importance of Wolves, Coyotes, and Foxes to our eco-system.
Educate the public about the importance of Preservation and Conservation of the forests, land, and water that supports wildlife, flora, and fauna for future generations to enjoy.
Provide natural habitats and exceptional lives for the animals entrusted to our care since they cannot live in the wild.
All began when ... Darlene Kobobel, in Lake George, Colorado, rescued a wolf-dog by the name of Chinook in 1993. Chinook was two years of age and was going to be euthanized at the local animal shelter because of her "wolf-hybrid" label. Once Darlene learned of the fate of this beautiful animal, in spite of her childhood fears of wolves, she took Chinook home and learned of the issues and controversies regarding wolf-dogs and wolf-dog breeders throughout the county.
Determined to provide a safe haven for unwanted wolf-dogs, Darlene created the Wolf Hybrid Rescue Center. During the first year of operation, the Center was inundated with 15 - 20 phone calls every day from around the country from people who wanted to surrender their beloved wolves. This is when it was realized that the role of providing education was necessary. It has been learned that out of approximately 250,000 wolf-dogs that are born in our country every year, 80% will likely die before they reach their third birthday. Part of the reason is due to people that cannot care for their wolf-dog anymore for one or more reasons, and surrender it to a shelter. Most animal shelters and humane societies usually will euthanize wolf-dogs within 24-72 hours after they are surrendered.
After nearly 10 years of rescuing unwanted animals, it was time to consider relocation due to residential housing developments springing up within a quarter mile of the Center. It was also time to evolve into providing more widespread education and get away from "rescue." WRC staff and volunteers learned that it was physically and financially impossible to save every animal that needed to be rescued. If the emphasis was placed on education, even more animals' lives could be saved. It was Kobobel's dream for WRC to evolve into the Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center.
In the search for new property to relocate to, the Center met a woman who was willing to allow the WRC to move onto her private ranch just six miles east of the Center's location. An agreement was made for WRC to relocate to a 35-acre parcel of this ranch on a long-term lease. A week after the lease signing, WRC endured the Hayman fire.
With only three hours to evacuate, volunteers were called upon to help move all of the wolves along with domestic cats, dogs, horses and a chicken. The evacuation destination was a horse barn on the Wandering Star Ranch. This horse barn became home to the WRC's 12 wolves for the next five weeks. All of the domestic animals were taken to friends' and volunteers' homes where they would be cared for. The Hayman fire burned for over four weeks and destroyed over 135,000 acres of land.
The sudden evacuation prompted the accelerated construction and development of the Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center (CWWC). The total cost for fencing materials alone for the new sanctuary cost the Center a lump sum of $25,000 from its "Project Wolf" account. This was a special account intended specifically for spaying/neutering, miscellaneous veterinary bills and the future (and gradual) expansion of the Center. Thanks to the energetic, hard work of countless volunteers and supporters, six one-acre wolf enclosures were completed within 5 weekend's time. With much emotion shown by the volunteers, the wolves were finally released into their new homes.
Over the next 6 months an education/visitors center was constructed and the Center was ready to officially open for business again. On June 28, 2003 Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center introduced itself by hosting a Grand Opening Celebration to officially inaugurate the new sanctuary. Local support was great, with over 250 people in attendance to celebrate the Center's recovery from the Hayman fire.
After only 3.5 years and some monumental events, including the death of our beloved Chinook, the owner of the property suddenly decided to terminate our lease. We began a frantic search to find property that could be ours. Amazingly, Darlene found a wonderful 35 acre property even better than any previous location.
Darlene, with several volunteers, began the arduous task of clearing, trenching, fencing and building another set of enclosures, a visitor center and a real home with conference/education facilities. This work was completed by countless hours of back-breaking labor by dedicated volunteers and staff. Thank you doesn't begin to express our appreciation and awe at the outpouring of love for our animals. We have really stretched (and then some) our resources to make this a possibility - again because of the generosity of donors and sponsors. Every little bit has helped.
Shortly after this, we were given the opportunity to extend our Center into one of our goal mission areas - Conservation. In March 2007 we received our AZA (Association of Zoos and Aquariums) certification. AZA is one of the highest, most prestigious awards that you can receive as a "zoo" or "aquarium" let alone a sanctuary. We (CWWC) are the one AZA sanctuary in the State of Colorado and one of only 20 in the nation. We are proud and honored to be a part of a group who plays a major part in conservation. Due to this certification, we now can house endangered canids such as our Mexican Grey wolf that we acquired from the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo in Colorado Springs, Colorado, as well as Swift Fox from Lee Richardson Zoo in Hutchinson, Kansas and from Riverside Discovery Center, Scottsbluff, Nebraska. We feel that this is such a wonderful opportunity to be able to have endangered species to teach the public and we look forward to expanding our conservation education.
Today, the 501(c)3 non-profit organization is directed by Darlene Kobobel. CWWC conducts guided educational tours and programs that focus on dispelling myths about wolves and wild canids and helping people to appreciate the roles wolves play in their ecosystems. Tours cover topics such as pack hierarchy, territory, communication, prey impact, and conservation. What is unique about the tour is that people also learn about the history of each wolf, coyote, and fox at the center. Some of these being personal rescue stories and unique personalities of many. Although some of our animals have been rescued from college dorms, roadside zoos, photo farms, and the fur industry, we also have adopted ones from other educational organizations as well. The history of the animals compels visitors to walk away with a compassionate respect to honor the fact that "wild means wild." Just as importantly, CWWC serves as a voice for ALL animals. The Center focuses on responsible domestic pet ownership and stresses the importance of spaying and neutering.
EDUCATION ... After years of providing high quality, interactive, educational tours and programs regarding wolf and wildlife conservation, Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center now reaches approximately 40,000 people per year. It is important to educate people about the beautiful and majestic wolf, along with other misunderstood wild canids, and the importance of their roles in our ecosystems.
We not only offer public tours at our facility, but we conduct educational programs at schools throughout Colorado. One of our Ambassador wolves accompanies us for a brief appearance during these programs in the hopes that we are able to turn an animal which has gained such a feared reputation, into one that is finally becoming more understood, admired, and respected.
CONSERVATION ... We believe that as stewards of this earth we should preserve and protect our wildlife; for not only their existence but for ours as well. To preserve our wildlife, we must understand the impact that humans have on the environment. Wildlife is suffering massive habitat loss not only in our own state, but through the United States as a whole. Because of fear and lack of education, Colorado's last wolf disappeared over 60 years ago. Despite the ecological value of the wolf, millions were trapped, poisoned, or shot to death during the 1st half of the 20th century. Ultimately, nearly all wolves were exterminated throughout the lower 48 states. The 1960's and 1970's launched the modern environmental era, bringing about conservation statutes, including the Endangered Species Act in 1973.
In 1995, USFWS embarked on an ambitious plan to recover wolves in the Northern Rockies by relocating and releasing 66 gray wolves from Canada into Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho. In the years following reintroduction, wolves reproduced and established packs. Since returning to their native landscape, wolves have restored a more natural balance to Northern Rockies Ecosystems. Wolves benefit the health of elk and deer populations by virtue of their selection of prey animals, as they primarily take the old, the very young, the injured, and the diseased, leaving the healthiest animals to produce the next generation.
Darlene Kobobel ... Director of the Colorado Wolf and Wildlife Center
Full text source and CWWC web site URL: http://www.wolfeducation.org/