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Date of visit:
April 14, 2000

For location of this site in NM, click on the map:
 Location of Chloride-Winston Ghost Towns ...

We rate these sites a:

Site Highlights:
 Off the beaten track
 Edge of nowhere
 Still primitive
 Scenic drive
 Towns still inhabited
 Rustic atmosphere
 Abandoned buildings
 Tour the cemetary
 Fascinating history
 Hot in summer
 No services


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Winston, NM
Winston, NM
Winston, NM

Winston was originally named Fairview.

Today people still live in the town.

It is a quiet little community including a combination store and post office, an old deserted school building at one end of town and the new successor at the other end, and several other interesting old buildings.

Fairview circa 1900
Fairview circa 1900

The town got its start back in 1881. Following Harry Pye's discovery of the Pye lode, the town of Chloride sprang to life and at about the same time Fairview also took root as a mining camp a few miles to the northeast.

In spite of menacing Indians, Fairview rose quickly. By June 1881, twenty-five buildings were reported to be under way, preparations were being made to dig a well, and the imminent construction of a hotel was announced. In 1892 the Black Range mining district newspaper stated that up until 1883, Fairview had a population of five hundred. A population of a hundred residents was claimed at the beginning of 1884. Various merchants opened their respective businesses.

A new school building opened its doors to thirty-two pupils in September, 1886. Fairview organized a literary club. Horse races were held on Christmas, 1886. In 1889 it was reported that Fairview, with a population of 125, traded with ranchers, farmers, and miners; had one school, a smelter, and a hotel; and ran a daily stage from Engle Station, fifty miles away on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad. Only thirty people were listed at Fairview for 1897. Frank H. Winston operated a general merchandise store and was postmaster. Cattle and mining were the town's principal resources. By 1905 the population was back up to a hundred. Frank Winston still had his general store and was president of the Fairview Cattle Company.

Fairview circa 1915
Fairview circa 1915

A 1915 business directory lists Frank H. Winston Company general store, Frank H. Winston, president of Fairview Cattle Company, and Frank H. Winston, proprietor of the Fairview garage. Needless to say, Frank Winston was a prominent and popular citizen of Fairview.
Originally from Wisconsin, Winston settled in Grafton, New Mexico, at the age of thirty. In 1886 he moved to Fairview, where he opened his general store. When times were hard he gave extensive credit at his store, knowing that there was little chance of being paid back. His generous and helpful nature was enough to convince people that in some way Frank H. Winston should be honored. He died November 10, 1929, and the next year Fairview was officially renamed Winston.
Visitor Feedback!

Received the following e-mail from a visitor on April 9, 2009

Hi there, my name is Jim Lawler. I'm from a suburb of Chicago, Illinois called Mount Prospect in the St. Thomas Beckett Parish.

I stumbled upon your website and found it very interesting. I especially like your info on Northern New Mexico Churches and the Salinas Pueblo Missions. Very interesting stuff! I was also very interested in your pages on Ghost Towns as I used to live in Winston in the late 1970's. At that time there was supposed to be a population of forty, but I never counted that many. I believe I could count all the people who lived there at the time on both my hands and feet.

There was ol' Bennie Meranda, a middle-age woman of Spanish and possibly Indian heritage who ran the old bar at the South end of town. I don't think it had a proper name and we just called it Bennies Bar. She lived in a trailer next to the bar and would allow us younger folk to knock on her door at any hour of the night for a late-night purchase.

There was Gene Davis who was a logger, and Gene Phips who worked on the gold mine I worked on with Marvin Kilgore who was part owner with his father, Von. The gold mine was not a mine as such, but was left over from the Relocation of Japanese miners from the WWII days. They were swept up by the government and left perhaps 100-300 tons of ore on the ground waiting to be processed which was the bulk of the work we did. That was thirty years ago but I believe the concern owned by the Kilgores was called Kehm-Tech Minerals and was probably based out of LA County, CA where Von worked as a plumber for the LA County Jail.

There was an old woman who ran the Post Office out of her home and of course the folks who worked the Gas pumps at the so-called general store. Bob (Robert) Gurule was a friend of mine and lived in a trailer on the North side of town with his girl friend Kathy. Bob was Spanish/Indian and had perhaps 10 family members that lived nearby, and more family and friends from T or C who would come in on the weekends. The only other person I remember was a cattle rancher named (I believe) Raymond. I don't know if that was his first or last name, but it seemed to me that he had a house on the North East side of Winston.

Anyway, enough rambling about days gone by in Winston. I really just wanted to say hello, nice website, and Happy Easter!

Jim Lawler, Chicago, Ill, 4/8/09

To add or respond to this message feel free to contact the webmaster or Mr. Lawler directly (jlawler at sbcglobal dot net)

Site Gallery - Winston
 An adobe building  The first school  A modern adobe
 A Winston denizen
Seeking solitude?
Move to Winston!
Chloride, NM
chloride-sign.jpg - 3388 Bytes
Chloride, NM

It's what you hope for from a ghost town but so seldom find.

Chloride has a genuine main street, featuring false-front stores, stone ruins, and residences. Over two dozen buildings, most under roof and several occupied, are in varying states from restoration to total decay.

Three structures in particular will capture your attention: the Wicklow house, obscured by omnipresent alianthus trees, on the north side of the street near the east end of town; and at the west end of town, two large false-front buildings, one of wood (with faint letters "Pioneer Store") and the other wood and adobe (see Gallery below.)
One day in 1879 Harry Pye, a muleskinner and veteran prospector, was hauling freight to a military post when he picked up a piece of silver float in the canyon where Chloride now stands. The piece assayed high in silver, triggering Pye's enthusiasm. After completing his freighting contract, Pye returned to the canyon with a small party, prospected the area, found the mother lode, and made the first location, which was called the Pye lode. As a result Pye is credited with being the discoverer of the district. A few months later Apaches killed him.

Pye's lode sparked attention among other avid prospectors and induced them to explore the area. In January of 1881, eighteen prospectors camped at the mouth of Chloride Gulch and established headquarters. A band of thirty-five Apaches ruthlessly interrupted their mining venture by killing two members of the party and running off horses and mules. In the interest of self-preservation the prospectors left the area, but returned in March, laden with arms and ammunition. A store was erected, more miners filtered in, and the men realized a community was in the making and called a meeting to select a townsite.

Chloride circa 1890
Chloride circa 1890

The present site of Chloride was chosen, and lots twenty-five by a hundred feet were surveyed.

In order to avoid future problems, lots were selected by lottery. Each lot was numbered to correspond with a ticket number, which was put into a hat, shaken up, and drawn by one man.

Lots were a valuable commodity and were used as bait to grace the all-male camp with the feminine gender. The men of Chloride offered a free lot to the first lady who made Chloride her home. Another incentive to populate the camp was the offer of a position on the city council to the father of the first newborn child "if it is known who he is." Fortunately virtue was not a deciding factor for the recipient.
During the 1880's Chloride steadily expanded, adding a church, school, The Black Range newspaper, a hotel, and five hundred inhabitants. This decade was Chloride's peak. Although population dwindled in succeeding years, the mines continued to produce.
Chloride 2000
Chloride 2000

Today Chloride, a picturesque town, still claims a few citizens.

The main dirt road is flanked by adobe ruins and fascinating old buildings ranging in variety from the peaked roof adobe with gingerbread decor to the wooden false front.

Cemeteries are located on the mesas at the north and south sides of Chloride. The southern one is by far the larger, and a drive to it on a wagon road constructed in 1884 is certainly worthwhile. The grave of Frank Winston, from nearby Fairview, is found here, as are many unusual and well-preserved markers.
Additional Information: February 2006
In February 2006, we received an e-mail message from a Chloride resident who offered a different side to the origin and early history of the town of Chloride ......

Sir: I just found your information about Chloride, NM, and quite a lot of it is wrong. You should have had one of our 12 residents check your facts before you printed them.

Chloride started in 1879 (the first log building was completed) By late 1880, it was well established with seven "going" busineses, and over 20 "substantial" houses. It grew to over 3000 people before declining in 1893. The Pioneer Store, now the PIONEER STORE MUSEUM was built by James Dalglish and was in operation in late 1880, according to the original ledgers.

The picture you show of the "Dalglish" store (Ed: Gallery below ... middle B&W image), was built by Mr. Dalglish in the town of Hillsboro, NM, in 1897 after he left Chloride. The data comes from the original Chloride Townsite records which were stored in the Pioneer Store for over 80 years, and are now part of the PIONEER STORE MUSEUM.

Ed: We responded to this e-mail with our own belief that the information we posted, extracted from two reputable publications (see footnote below), was reliable and accurate. We further received another e-mail from this individual that expanded on known facts and we offer that differing viewpoint below (personal comments excluded and edited for brevity)......

Both Mr. Varney's and Mr. Sherman's publications are part of the problem. They did not get the "facts" from the residents or from the actual documents. The photo of Mr. Dalglish's store in Hillsboro is an example. It is partially correct. It was in fact built by Mr. Dalglish, but it was built in Hillsboro in 1897 after he left Chloride.

Mr. Dalglish built the large Ponderosa Pine log building, the Pioneer Store, in Chloride in 1880, according to the original town records which include his Ledgers. The local old timers were both disgusted and amused by the liberties taken by several of the "Ghost Town" writers.

The 'Old Timers' I refer to were Mr. Earl Hobbs, whose family came to Chloride in 1902. His wife Cassie (Ramsey) Hobbs, whose family homesteaded on the Wahoo about 1905. Miss Nellie Inman, daughter of the sawmill (lumber) family, logging in the Black Range by 1890. Raymond Schmidt, son of Henry Schmidt who arrived in Chloride in 1880. Henry was the original surveyor of Chloride, first Assayer, and first Photographer of Chloride. Raymond, his son, was born in 1897, and died in 1996. He was 99 years of Chloride history!

His Grand father was Edwin Holms, Justice of the Peace in Chloride in 1881. Mr. Edward James Jr, son of the senior James who arrived in Chloride in 1882. Mrs. Shirley (James) Watson, daughter of Harry James who arrived in Chloride in 1882. They are all gone now, but they people lived the history, and would tell it to any one who had the patience to sit and listen.

We have been fortunate enough to be in contact with Dalglishe's descendants, and they further informed us that after Mr. Dalglish sold the store in Hillsboro, he went to Duran, and established another Mercantile business. The descendents of Alice Barns, the first teacher in Chloride (at the age of 16) have given us some of her early records.

The descendents of Captain James Blane, the Militia Commander in the 1880s have given us some of the Militia history that we lacked. Dr. Blinn, Chloride doctor from 1882 until 1896, has descendents in California who return to Chloride every few years, and usually have additional old records they share with us.

I realize it would be impossible to correct all of the mis-information about our town, but since it has become fairly popular as an attraction for the Tourists, and since many of them research it on the internet before coming from the East (or West), they often comment about the differences between what they read and what they see. By the way, I believe the Dalglish store in Hillsboro is now Ben Lewis's Store and Cafe.

Submitted by: Don Edmund, Chloride, NM, 02/18/2006

Site Gallery - Chloride
 A bear hunt  Early merchant  Bullfight
 Pioneer store  In ruin  A false front
 Gravemarker  Paying respect  So young
On the trail of Geronimo
Geronimo Trail Signage
Geronimo Trail

New Mexico's new state scenic byway, the Geronimo Trail, is a 200-mile loop of Old West backcountry where the tales are taller than the mountains.

Old-timers still recall stories of Geronimo, the legendary Chiricahua Apache war chief for whom the trail was named. Out of pride for their native son and a desire to open the history and beauty of southwestern New Mexico to visitors, local residents spearheaded the creation of the trail in the past few years.

The Geronimo Trail loop
The Geronimo Trail Loop

Starting at the Geronimo Springs Museum in Truth or Consequences, the wellmarked trail coils throught the ghost towns of Chloride (population 17) and Winston.

Then on westward to Beaverhead, then south to Wall Lake. This drive is on paved roads (then gravel) and the scenery is truly memorable.

The 45-mile dirt road down from Wall Lake is a rough (white-knuckle), two-hour drive designated for high-clearance vehicles (4x4) and not recommended during winter. Our drive was less enjoyable and more of a struggle to survive. Not a single vehicle was encountered during the entire 45 mile route. Food for thought!!!!

The road then swoops down into Mimbres Valley, where Mogollon people flourished until around 1150, when they relocated to a lower elevation. The trail passes the Gila Wilderness - the nation's first wilderness area, designated in 1924 and enters the Black Range.The trail switchbacks up Emory Pass to an 8,228-foot summit with see-forever vistas of the Rio Grande Valley below.

The trail winds through Kingston and Hillsboro, two mining towns that went bust a century ago but haven't quite given up the ghost. The logbeamed Black Range Lodge shelters overnight visitors within its stone walls. The 120-yearold Hillsboro General Store & Country Cafe still serves a memorable chocolate shake. The trail ends where it started, in Truth or Consequences.

For More Information
Ghost Towns of New Mexico

Text source partially exrtracted from:
Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of New Mexico, James E. Sherman, 1975
New Mexico's Best Ghost Towns, Philip Varney, 1999
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