Nature Park of Rusenski Lom is one of the ten nature parks of Bulgaria. It is situated along the canyon type valley of Rusenski Lom River - the last right feeder of the Danube. The park has been a protected area since 1970 and embraces a territory of 3408 hectares and is recognized as an interesting and precious site of high aesthetic value preserving beautiful riverside terraces, meanders, high vertical rocks, areas of rich variety of species, caves, rock formations, historical monuments of national and international significance. It satisfies people`s recreation needs and gives an opportunity for scientific and exploration activities.
The Nature Park is bordered by six villages: Ivanovo, Koshov, Cherven, Nissovo, Svalenik and Pisanets. Nearby the park are Vetovo and Tabachka. All of the villages have a population less than 6,000, more of them have less than 1,000 residents. The people there live calm, quiet lives. Raising animals such as sheep, goats, cows and others is the most common livelihood. Beekeeping is also practiced by a number of residents. The rich soil is put to good use in people's gardens, where they grow fruit, vegetables and flowers for their own use..
The Rusenski Lom Natural Park protects the shallow limestone canyons of the three Lom rivers and their associated caves, forests and grasslands. The Park is just south of the Danube in the northern Bulgarian lowlands, near the city of Ruse. The HNV area extends to about 10000 ha, but of this only just over 3400 ha is covered by the Natural Park designation. Within the Park itself, four fifths of the area is classed as forest.
By contrast, within the three municipalities which make up the area, over 90% of the land is large scale intensive cropland. The HNV farmland, though significant, is found in a thin strip between the arable and the forest and in small patches within the forest, especially on the valley bottoms.
The main issue arising here was the mismatch between policy and reality in a number of areas. The use of forest land by farmers; the importance (or not) of farmers for the maintenance of areas within the Park; the legal status of small farmers (and especially small-scale goat herders) and the allocation of communal grazing land between producers were all examples where policy seemed not to be interacting with the realities on the ground, but where such interaction would seem to be essential for the survival and maintenance of the HNV farmland.